1. Bai,S., Li,H., Loudon,G.H., and Wu,H.J.P. (2001) System for chinese tokenization and named entity recognition, US Patent No. 6,311,152.
  2. Loudon,G.H., Wu,Y.M., Pittman,J.A. (2003) Methods and apparatus for handwriting recognition, US Patent No. 6,556,712.
  3. Tng. T.H and Loudon, G.H. (2003) Method and device for inputting Chinese characters on a hand-held electronic device, European Patent Application No. 1355255.
  4. Tng,T.H. and Loudon, G.H. (2004) Mobile communications device, US Patent Application No. 2004121817.
  5. Loudon,G.H., Chen,H. and Tng,T.H. (2005) Recognition Process, US Patent No. 6,891,971.
  6. Gill, S.J. and Loudon, G.H. (2008) Prototyping system for user interface, UK Patent Application No. 2445853.
  7. Culverhouse, I., Gill, S.J. and Loudon,G.H. (2012) Prototyping and testing man-machine interfaces, UK Patent No. GB2461334.
  8. Dhaliwal, B., Loudon, G.H. and McCarthy,P.W. (2014) Limb shield, UK Patent No. 2484570.
  9. Hall, J., Gill, S., Loudon, G. and Watkins, C. (2021) Neck Brace, US Patent No. 10,881,544.


  1. Loudon, G.H., Jones, N.B. and Sehmi, A.S.  (1989) Knowledge based decomposition of myoelectric signals, IEE Colloquium on Biomedical Applications of Digital Signal Processing, Dec.
  2. Bhullar,H.K., Loudon,G.H., Fothergill,J.C. and Jones,N.B.. (1990) A Selective Non-invasive Electrode to study Myoelectric Signals – Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing journal, UK, Vol. 28, No. 6, pp. 581 – 586.
  3. Loudon,G.H., Sehmi,A.S. and Jones,N.B. (1990) Intelligent Classification in EMG decomposition – Condition monitoring and diagnostic management, R.B.K.N. Rao, J. Au and B. Griffiths (Eds.), Chapman and Hall,  UK, pp. 317 – 325.
  4. Loudon,G.H., Jones,N.B. and Sehmi,A.S. (1990) Intelligent decomposition and interpretation of myoelectric signals – Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, J.C.H. Goh and A. Nather (Eds.), Singapore, pp. 362 – 365.
  5. Jones,N.B. and Loudon,G.H. (1991) A set of classification techniques for the extraction of motor unit potentials in electromyography – World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, published in Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing journal, UK, Vol. 29 Supplement Part 1, pp. 566.
  6. Loudon,G.H. (1991) Advances in Knowledge Based Signal Processing : a Case Study in EMG Decomposition – Ph.D. Thesis, University of Leicester, UK.
  7. Jones,N.B. and Loudon,G.H. (1992)  A set of classification techniques for the extraction of non-periodic transients from noise:- an application in electromyography – IEE Proceedings Part A, UK, Vol. 139, No. 2., pp. 74 – 78.
  8. Loudon,G.H., Jones,N.B. and Sehmi,A.S. (1992) New signal processing techniques for the decomposition of EMG signals – Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing journal, UK, Vol. 30., pp. 591-599.
  9. Sehmi,A.S., Jones,N.B., Wang,S.Q., and Loudon,G.H. (1994) Knowledge-based systems for neuroelectric signal processing – IEE Proceedings Part A,  UK, Vol. 141, No. 3, May, pp. 215 – 223.
  10. Jones,N.B., Lynch,M., Loudon,G.H. and Wang,S.Q. (1994) Combining procedural and knowledge based methods for condition monitoring of diesel engines – Condition Monitoring ’94,  UK.
  11. Gao,Y., Yuan,B., Tng,T., Loo,G. Loudon,G.H., Yogananthan,S., Hon,H.W., Chow,Y.L., Beauregard,G., de Souza,P., Austin,S. and Fineberg,A. (1994) Mandarin Chinese Dictation System – Research & Development – Proceedings of the International Conference on Chinese Computing ’94, Singapore, pp. 95-101.
  12. Schlindwein,F.S., Kazim,S., Loudon,G.H. and Jones,N.B. (1994) Separation of foetal and maternal ECG via diagonal factor analysis and inverse transfer function – World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  13. Yuan,B., Gao,Y., Hon,H.W. and Loudon,G.H. (1994) An Unlimited Vocabulary Speaker-Dependent Chinese Speech Recognition System – The 3rd National  Conference on Man-Machine Speech Communications, PRC.
  14. Choi,J., Hon,H.W., Lebrun,J.L., Lee,S.P., Loudon,G., Phan,V.H. and Yogananthan,S.(1994) YanHui, A Software Based High Performance Mandarin Text-to-Speech System – Republic of China Linguistics Conference, ROCLING VII, Taiwan, pp. 35 – 50.
  15. Gao,Y., Hon,H.W., Lin,Z., Loudon,G.H., Yogananthan,S. and Yuan,B. (1995) Tangerine : A Large Vocabulary Mandarin Dictation System – International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing ’95, USA.
  16. Loudon,G.H., Chen,H., Wu,Y.M. and Zitserman,R. (1996) The Recognition of Handwritten Chinese Characters From Paper Records – IEEE TENCON, Digital Signal Processing Applications, Australia, pp. 923 – 926.
  17. Chen,H., Loudon,G.H., Wu,Y.M. and Zitserman,R. (1997) Segmentation and Recognition of Continuous Handwritten Chinese Text – 17th International Conference on Computer Processing of Oriental Languages, Hong Kong.
  18. Loudon,G.H. and Leong,M.K. (1998) Retrieval of Chinese Documents using Handwriting Input – 3rd International Workshop on Information Retrieval with Asian Languages, Singapore, pp. 28-33.
  19. Chen,H., Loudon,G.H., Wu,Y.M. and Zitserman,R. (1998) Segmentation and Recognition of Continuous Handwritten Chinese Text – International Journal of Pattern Recognition and Aritificial Intelligence, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 223-232.
  20. Yuan,B., Guan, C., Loudon,G. and Li,H. (1998) Optimization of Parameter-tying for Chinese Acoustic Modeling, International Symposium on Chinese Language Processing, Singapore, Dec.
  21. Loudon,G.H., Pellijeff,O., Li,Z.W. and Hall,H. (1999) BuddySync – A Mobile Application for Teenagers; A User-Centric Design Approach, Ericsson’s Conference on Usability Engineering , ECUE 99.
  22. Loudon,G.H. (2000) Designing 3G Applications for Smartphones and Wireless Data Terminals, International Forum and Conference on Information Technology, Thailand.
  23. Loudon,G.H., Pellijeff,O. and Li,Z.W. (2000) A Method for Handwriting Input and Correction on Smartphones, Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Frontiers in Handwriting Recognition, Amsterdam.
  24. Sacher,H., Tng,T.H. and Loudon,G.H. (2001) Beyond Translation: Approaches to Interactive Products for Chinese Consumers – International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Vol. 13, No. 1, pp.  41-51.
  25. Sacher,H. and Loudon,G.H. (2002) Understanding the wireless interaction paradigm: From 3G technology to customer solutions, Interactions (ACM), Volume IX.1, pp.17-23.
  26. Loudon,G.H., Sacher,H. and Yu,L. (2002) BuddySync:  Thinking Beyond Cell Phones to Create A Third-Generation Wireless Application for U.S. Teenagers, “Revista de Estudios de Juventud” (Magazine on Youth Studies), Title of issue: “Juventud y Teléfono Móvil” (Youth and Cell Phone), March.
  27. Loudon,G.H. and Sacher,H. (2002) Insights into a wireless interaction paradigm: A 3G concept study, Ericsson’s Conference on Usability Engineering – ECUE 2002, March.
  28. Loudon,G.H., Sacher,H., and Yu, L. (2002) The impact of video usage in mobile communication, Third Wireless World Conference: The Social Shaping of Mobile Futures, July.
  29. Loudon,G.H., Sacher,H. and Leong,M.K. (2002) Design Issues for Mobile Information Retrieval, Mobile Personal Information Retrieval Workshop, SIGIR 2002, August.
  30. Gill, S., Loudon, G., Hewett, B., Barham, G. (2005) How to Design and Prototype an Information Appliance in 24 Hours – Integrating Product & Interface Design Processes; The proceedings of The 6th international conference on Computer-Aided Industrial Design & Conceptual Design, Delft University of Technology, May 29 – June 1.
  31. Gill, S., Johnson, P., Dale, J., Loudon, G., Hewett, B. and Barham, G. (2005) The Traditional Design Process Versus A New Design Methodology: A Comparative Case Study Of A Rapidly Designed Information Appliance; Human Oriented Informatics and Telematics Conference, University of York.
  32. Loudon, G., Gill, S. and Walker, D. (2006) How Different Prototyping Methods for Information Appliance Design Affect Usability Test Results, Usability Professionals Association Conference, Broomfield, Colorado, June 12 – 16.
  33. Reichert, F., Häber, A., Gerdes, M. , Fasbender, A., and Loudon, G. (2006) Sven and the Media Portal: A Nomadic Use Case for the Extended Home, 15th IST Mobile & Wireless Communication Summit, June 4-8.
  34. Loudon, G. (2006) Nice technology, shame about the product, Invited article in IET Communications Engineer magazine, August/September issue.
  35. Gill, S., Walker, D., Loudon, G., Dix, A., Woolley, A., Ramduny-Ellis, D. and Hare, J. (2008) Rapid Development of Tangible Interactive Appliances: Achieving the Fidelity/Time Balance. In Hornecker, E., Schmidt, A., and Ullmer, B. (eds) Special Issue on Tangible and Embedded Interaction, International Journal of Arts and Technology, Volume 1, No 3/4 pp 309-331.
  36. Gill, S., Loudon, G., Walker, D. (2008) Designing a design tool: working with industry to create an information appliance design methodology, Journal of Design Research (JDR), Volume 7, Issue 2, pp. 97-119.
  37. Hare, J., Gill, S., Loudon, G., Ramduny-Ellis, R., and Dix, A. (2009) Physical Fidelity: Exploring the importance of physicality on physical-digital conceptual prototyping, Proceedings of INTERACT, the 12th IFIP TC13 Conference in Human-Computer Interaction, August 24-28, Sweden.
  38. Culverhouse, I., Gill, S., Woolley, A., and Loudon, G. (2009) Construct, Deconstruct and Reconstruct: Exploring interactive sketching of information appliances, Proceedings of the International Association of Scoieties of Design Research (IASDR) Conference, October 18-22, Seoul Korea.
  39. Woolley, A., Loudon, G. and Gill, S. (2010) Contextual Testing in the Mobile Phone Design Process; A Case Study, Proceedings of DESIGN 2010.
  40. Loudon, G.H. and Deininger. G.M. (2011) The Relationship Between Play, Prototyping and Creativity, DESIRE ’11, the Second International Conference on Creativity and Innovation in Design, Eindhoven, the Netherlands, 19-21 October.
  41. Deininger, G.M. and Loudon,G.H. (2011) Correlation between Coherent Heart Rate Variability and Divergent Thinking, Creativity and Cognition Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, 2nd-6th November.
  42. Deininger, G.M., Loudon, G.H. & Norman,S. (2012) Modal Preferences in Creative Problem Solving, Cognitive Processing, Volume 13, Issue 1 Supplement, pp 147-150.
  43. Zampellis, D., Loudon, G., Gill, S. and Walker, D. (2012) ‘IRIS: Augmented Reality in Rapid Prototyping’ in the proceedings of the 13th Rapid Design, Prototyping & Manufacturing Conference, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK 22nd June.
  44. Loudon, G.H., Deininger, G.M. & Wilgeroth, P. (2012) The Importance of Play and Creativity in the Design Curriculum, International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, Antwerp, 6th – 7th September.
  45. Loudon, G.H., Deininger, G.M. & Gordon, B.S. (2012) Play, Autonomy and the Creative Process, 2nd International Conference on Design Creativity, Glasgow, UK, 18th-20th September.
  46. Zampelis, D., Loudon, G., Gill, S and Walker, D. (2012) Augmented Reality centered Rapid prototyping’ in the proceedings of Physicality 2012, the 4th International Workshop on Physicality, co-located with British HCI 2012 conference, 11 September, University of Birmingham, UK.
  47. Hare, J., Gill, S., Loudon, G. and Lewis, A. (2013) The Effect of Physicality on Low Fidelity Interactive Prototyping for Design Practice in Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2013 the 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, September 2-6, Proceedings, Part I, pp. 495-510.
  48. Loudon, G., Gill, S. and Wilgeroth, P. (2013) Impact of environment on autonomy and design exploration, Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education Conference , Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), 5th – 6th September.
  49. Woolley, A., Loudon, G. and Gill, S. (2013) Getting into Context Early: A comparative study of laboratory and in-context user testing of low fidelity information appliance prototypes, The Design Journal, Volume 16, Number 4, pp. 460-485.
  50. Watkins, C.A., Loudon, G.H., Gill, S., and Hall, J.E. (2014) Can design thinking be used to improve healthcare in Lusaka Province, Zambia?, International Design Conference, Dubrovnik – Croatia, May 19 – 22.
  51. Fuzi, A., Clifton, N. & Loudon, G.H. (2014) New in-house organizational spaces that support creativity and innovation: the co-working space’, R&D Management Conference, Stuttgart, 3rd-6th June, Stuttgart.
  52. Loudon, G.H. and Deininger, G.M. (2014) A new model for supporting creativity in research organisations, R&D Management Conference, 3rd – 6th June, Stuttgart.
  53. Hare, J., Gill, S., Loudon, G. and Lewis, A. (2014) Active and passive physicality: making the most of low-fidelity physical interactive prototypes, Journal of Design Research, Volume 12, Number 4, pp. 330-348.
  54. Watkins C. A., Loudon, G. H., Gill, S. and Hall, J.E. (2015) ‘The Challenges of taking a User-Centric Approach within developing countries: A case study of designing medical solutions for Zambia’, Proceedings of the 11th European Academy of Design Conference, Paris Desartes University, Boulogne Billancourt, France, April 22-24.
  55. Fuzi, A., Clifton, N. & Loudon, G.H. (2015) ‘New spaces for supporting entrepreneurship? Co-working spaces in the Welsh entrepreneurial landscape’, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of entrepreneurship, innovation and regional development, Sheffield, UK, June 18-19.
  56. Loudon, G. and Deininger, G. (2016) The Physiological Response during Divergent Thinking. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 6, 28-37. doi: 10.4236/jbbs.2016.61004.
  57. Clarke, S., Nurse, S., Gordon, B. and Loudon, G.  (2016) The challenges of embedding a User-Centred, Ecodesign process within an SME: A case study in the building fabrication sector, R&D Management Conference, 3rd – 6th July, Cambridge, UK.
  58. Coleman, S, Treadaway, C., and Loudon, G. (2016) From Product to Process: Reframing design research methods to support well-being in the dementia care environment, Well being conference, 5th – 6th September, Birmingham, UK.
  59. Thomas, A., Dorrington, P., Costa, F. and Loudon G. (2016) Organizational Learning Capability: An Empirical Assessment of Innovative Supply Chain Development, 14th International Conference of Manufacturing Research, 6th – 8th September, Loughborough, UK.
  60. Alhussain, D., Loudon, G., & Wilgeroth, P. (2016). Creativity in Product Design Education: Understanding the learning Environment, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, 8th-9th September, Aalborg, Denmark.
  61. Coleman, S, Treadaway, C., and Loudon, G. (2016) Avenues, Values, and the Muse: An ethnographic study of creative activity to support the wellbeing of residents living with dementia in residential care, 10th Internal Conference on Design and Emotion, 27th – 30th September, Amsterdam.
  62. A. Dix, A. Malizia, T. Turchi, S. Gill, G. Loudon, R. Morris, A. Chamberlain and A. Bellucci (2016). Rich Digital Collaborations in a Small Rural Community. Chapter 20 in Collaboration Meets Interactive Spaces, C. Anslow et al. (eds.), Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-45853-3_20
  63. Loudon, G., Watkins, C., D’Onofrio, A., Hopkins, H. and Ancelot, E. (2017) Collaborative Research Model for Designing
    Sustainable Water Usage Solutions, 6th International Conference on Research into Design, 9th-11th January, Guwahati, India.
  64. Watkins, C., Loudon, G., Gill, S. and Hall, J. (2017) Improving Aid Through Good Design: A Case study in Rural Zambia, 6th International Conference on Research into Design, 9th-11th January, Guwahati, India.
  65. Loudon, G.H. and Deininger, G.M. (2017) The Physiological Response to Drawing and Its Relation to Attention and Relaxation. Journal of Behavioural and Brain Science , 7, 111-124.
  66. Loudon, G.H., Zampelis, D. and Deininger, G.M.  (2017) Using Real-time Biofeedback of Heart Rate Variability Measures to Track and Help Improve Levels of Attention and Relaxation. ACM Creativity and Cognition Conference, 27th-30th June, Singapore.
  67. Entwistle, A., Carroll, F., Burrows, I., Thomas, N., Ware, J. and Loudon, G. (2017).  Smart City Patterns: Creating environmental stylesheets to template ‘inclusivity’ on Cardiff Bay Barrage, in P Cunningham & M Cunningham (eds), 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Technology in Society (ISTAS) Proceedings.
  68. Thomas, A., Dorrington, P., Costa, F., Loudon, G., Francis, M., and Fisher, R.(2017). Organisational learning capability in SMEs: An empirical development of innovation in the supply chain, , Cogent Business & Management (2017), vol. 4, Issue 1.
  69. Entwistle, A., Burrows, I., Carroll, F., Thomas, N., Ware, M., Loudon, G. (2017). Affect and Dialogue in Collaborative Cross – Disciplinary Research: Developing Interactive. Public Art on Cardiff Bay Barrage, Open Cultural Studies, 1: 576–590.
  70.  Smaradottir, B., Martinez, S., Boryck, E., Loudon, G., Kushniruk, A., Jortveit, J.  and Fensli, R. (2018). User Evaluation of a Smartphone Application for Anticoagulation Therapy, in A. Ugon et al. (Eds.), Building Continents of Knowledge in Oceans of Data: The Future of Co-Created eHealth, 466-470. doi:10.3233/978-1-61499-852-5-466
  71. Martinez, S., Gerdes, M., Kumar C.S., Kumar, A., Gill, S., and Loudon, G. (2018). eHealth activists: the lifeline for remote rural villages in India, Rethinking Remote 2018, Inverness, May.
  72. Barker, J., Clifton, N. and Loudon, G. (2018) Opening Innovation Doors through Digital Platforms: Ethnographic Insights, Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship Conference 2018, 7-8 November, Birmingham, UK.
  73. Loudon G. (2019). Experiences of running a ‘Play and Creativity’ module in a School of Art & Design, In James, A. and Nerantzi, C. (Eds.), The Power of Play in Higher Education: Creativity in Tertiary Learning, Palgrave Macmillan.
  74. Lawrence, A., Loudon, G., Gill, S. & Baldwin, J. (2019) Simulated Environments for Food Packaging Design Assessment, Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Culinary Arts and Sciences, Cardiff, pp. 53-74.
  75. Lawrence, A., Gill, S., Pepperell, R. & Loudon, G. (2019) Thought for Food: A research led approach to improved Welsh food industry competitiveness, Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Culinary Arts and Sciences, Cardiff, p. 184.
  76. Clifton, N., Fuzi, A. & Loudon, G. (2019). Coworking in the Digital Economy: Context, Motivations, and Outcomes, Futures, July, DOI: 10.1016/j.futures.2019.102439
  77. Lawrence, A., Loudon, G., Gill, S., Pepperell, R. & Baldwin, J. (2019). Geometry vs Realism: an exploration of visual immersion in a synthetic reality space, IASDR Conference Proceedings, Manchester, Sept.
  78. Gordon, B., Loudon, G. & Gill, S. (2019) Product user testing: The void between Laboratory testing and field testing, IASDR Conference Proceedings, Manchester, Sept.
  79. Loudon G. (2019) Integrating ideas from design disciplines into the STEM curricula, Special Issue of Higher Education Pedagogies: Creativity in STEM Higher Education Special Issue , Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 284-286.
  80. Aldous. D., Bryant. A., Egan. D., Gordon. B., Loudon. G. & Edwards, L. (2019)  Outlining the Complexity and Possibilities of Professional Enquiry in Supporting Health and Well-Being Curricula Reform in Wales, European Conference on Educational Research, Hamburg.
  81. Loudon, G. & Gordon, B. (2019) How student engagement has been enhanced through research into factors affecting creativity,  Student Engagement in Higher Education Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 84-101.
  82. Loudon, G.H. , Kumar, C.S., Sreekumar, K.T., Haritha H.,  George, K.K. (2019) Empowering indigenous communities in India through the use of design thinking methods, ESRC/AHRC GCRF Indigenous Methods Workshop, Rio de Janeiro.
  83. Barker, J., Clifton, N. and Loudon, G., (2020) Perspectives on innovation within medium-sized firms in Wales. Welsh Economic Review, 27, pp.6–17. DOI:
  84. Gilmour, A., Gill, S. and Loudon, G. (2020) Participatory Design Research of Vegetable-based Snack Products with Adolescent Participants, 6th International Conference on Design Creativity, August, pp. 160-167.
  85. Gilmour, A.Gill, S. and Loudon, G. (2020), “Young adolescents’ experiences and views on eating and food”, Young Consumers, August,
  86. Loudon, G. and Deininger, G. (2020). The Importance of Presencing in Creativity, In Gunnlaugson, O. and Brendel, W. (Eds.), Advances in Presencing Volume II: Individual Approaches in Theory U, Trifoss Business Press, pp. 131-154.
  87. Gilmour, A., Gill, S. & Loudon, G. (2021). Perspectives of UK catering staff on adolescents’ food choices at school, Journal of Child Nutrition & Management, 45(1), pp. 1-16.
  88. Savage, D., Loudon, G. & Murphy, I. (2021). Impact and the Research Environment: An Art And Design Case Study, Journal of Research Management and Administration. 1(1), pp.16-35.
  89. Loudon, G. (2021). Indigenous Research Methodologies: The role of human-centred design in Indigenous research – reflective piece, In Heritage, P. (Ed.), Indigenous Research Methods: Partnerships, Engagement and Knowledge Mobilisation, People’s Palace Projects, pp. 42-53.
  90. Barker, J., Clifton, N., & Loudon, G. (2021). The Occupational Mandate of an Innovation Intermediary: Influencing Innovation in the Digital Space, ISBE 2021, October 27-29, Cardiff UK.
  91. Borse, V., Mishra, W., & Loudon, G. (2021). Sorry you’re on mute: Towards determining the factors that impact the productivity and job motivation of remote workers and a conceptual framework, Proceedings of India HCI, ACM, pp. 47-58.
  92. Gupta, T., Kar, N., Mishra, W. and Loudon, G. (2021), Persuasive Design for Sustainable Mobility, Proceedings of India HCI, ACM, November, pp. 123-127,


  1. Loudon, G.H. (2005) “Understanding customer need during new product development: The application of ethnography”, Light Minds White Paper.
  2. Bhullar, S., Helsper, E., Loudon, G.H., Linnington, R., Davies, S. & Davies, H. (2014) “Generation 2000: The Internet and Digital Media Habits of Year 9 Pupils (13 and 14 year olds) in Wales“. A WISE KIDS Project, co-funded by the Children’s Commissioner for Wales, Logicalis and S4C.
  3. Loudon, G.H. (2018) Creativity can be the bridge between science and humanities education,  The Conversation.
  4. Loudon, G.H. (2019) How a sense of purpose can link creativity to happiness, The Conversation.